Short history of the Internet

History of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in 1950, initial concepts packet networks have appeared in a variety of computer laboratories in the United States, Britain and France. He was awarded the US Department of Defense contracts in the early 1960s in the package network systems, including the development of ARPANET. Send first message on the ARPANET of the Informatics Laboratory Professor Kleinrock at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) in the second network was in the Stanford Research Institute node (SRI).

In 1948, a very large SSEC (Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator/Computer) was installed by IBM in New York on prominent public view.
In 1948, a very large SSEC (Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator/Computer) was installed by IBM in New York on prominent public view.

Packet-switched networks such as the ARPANET, the NPL network, Cyclades, Merit Network, Tymnet and Telenet, was developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s using a variety of communication protocols. Donald Davis, the first packet-switched network design at the National Physical Laboratory in the UK, and that the pilot phase of the study in the UK has risen to nearly two decades. ARPANET project led to the development of protocols to the private network, the Internet, as well as several individual networks may be involved in the network of networks.

ARPANET logical map, March 1977
ARPANET logical map, March 1977

He expanded access to the ARPANET in 1981, when it was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Network Computing (CSNET). In 1982 he gave a set of Internet protocols (TCP / IP) and network protocol standard in the ARPANET. In the early 1980s, the National Science Foundation to create a national superstar centers at many universities, and to ensure that the relationship in 1986 with the NSFNET project that network access to supercomputing sites in the United States for scientific research and educational institutions on the basis of funded. He started the commercial Internet service providers (ISP), to appear in the late 1980s, I came out of service in the ARPANET limited in 1990, private links to parts of the Internet through its official entities appeared in many US cities against the end of the years 1989 and 1990, and I went out of service in the NSFNET in 1995, and the removal of restrictions on carry-mail using the Internet for commercial traffic.

Network (NSFNET) National Science Foundation program was coordinated to promote projects under development in the framework of the National Science Foundation (NSF), since 1985, to advanced research and education networks in the United States. NSFNET also support the name given to a few national backbone networks, which were built up the network NSF initiatives from 1985 to 1995. Originally to link the country researchers NSF-funded supercomputer centers, through further public funding and private sector partnerships it has become the most internet backbone.
Network (NSFNET) National Science Foundation program was coordinated to promote projects under development in the framework of the National Science Foundation (NSF), since 1985, to advanced research and education networks in the United States. NSFNET also support the name given to a few national backbone networks, which were built up the network NSF initiatives from 1985 to 1995. Originally to link the country researchers NSF-funded supercomputer centers, through further public funding and private sector partnerships it has become the most internet backbone.

In the 1980s, research at CERN in Switzerland, may, under the leadership of the British computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee in a global network linking text documents in a hypertext information system, and can be accessed from any network node. Since the mid-1990s, the Internet has had a revolutionary impact on culture, trade and technology, including the high almost immediately by e-mail, instant messaging and Voice over Internet Protocol VoIP, phone calls, two interactive video calls way to discuss a global network with forums, blogs, social networks and online stores. development of scientific and educational community and the use of modern networks, such as very high speed services in the NSF backbone network (vBNS), Internet2 and the National Lambda Rail. This step of increasing amounts of information at higher speeds and higher optical fibers that are performed at 1 Gbit / s and 10 Gbit / s or more networks. Purchase online landscape of instant global communication almost in a historical perspective, it is only about 1% of the information provided by telecommunications networks in two in 1993 to 51% in 2000, and more than 97% of telecommunications in 2007 information. Today, the Internet continues to grow, driven by larger amounts than ever on the Internet, commerce, entertainment and social networks.

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